Yes, the Grand Canyon is what it is--GRAND. And it's not just its immense that astounds; this steep-sided canyon flanked by beautifully colored layers of red rock and is carved by the Colorado River. It is nature's masterpiece with nearly two billion years of Earth's geological history. Erosional forms decorate a canyon that is 277 river miles (446km) long, up to 18 miles (29km) wide, and a mile (1.6km) deep. Prepare to be mesmerized with the Grand Canyon Travel Guide and Offline Map as your tour partner in this majestic place.
1. Antelope Canyon
A trip to Arizona with not be complete without a visit to the stunning Antelope Canyon. Created by rushing and powerful water, Antelope Canyon was discovered many centuries ago by Najavo tribes and given the English name ‘Antelope’ due to the many antelope that grazed here during the winter season. Antelope Canyon was formed by erosion of the Navajo Sandstone primarily due to flash floods. Rainwater runs into the basin above the slot canyon sections, picking up speed and sand as it rushes into the narrow passageways. Over time the passageways eroded away, making the corridors deeper and smoothing hard edges in such a way as to form the magical characteristic "flowing" shapes in the rock.
2. Horseshoe Bend
The Horseshoe Bend is absolutely stunning and if you’re into geology, it’s incredible that it even came to be. This place has become highly memorable and many people seek it out when they are in the Grand Canyon area. For years, many visitors were not aware that the Grand Canyon is surrounded by many small canyons, but today the Horseshoe Bend how become one of the most photographed geological attractions in the world.
3. Havasu Falls
Havasu Falls is part of the Havasupai American Indian Reservation. Havasupai means “people of the blue-green water”, an apt description when you see the lustrous, natural water color. High calcium carbonate concentration in the water creates the vivid blue-green color and forms the natural travertine dams that occur in various places near the falls. Due to flash floods, the appearance of the falls and its plunge pools has changed multiple times. Prior to the flood of 1910, water flowed in a near continuous sheet, and was known as Bridal Veil Falls. Currently, water sprouts from one single shoot.
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