Sitting on the Bay of Naples is the third largest city in Italy and is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It had undergone numerous changes from being a Greek settlement in the Bronze Greek Age starting in the second millennium BC to eventually becoming a cultural center of the Roman Republic in the sixth century BC. Today, it is famously known for its rich history--enclosing 27 centuries of memories and is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Enjoy your trip to Naples with the Naples Travel Guide and Offline Map.
1. Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The eruption that rocked the Roman Empire is said to have released a hundred thousand times the thermal energy released by the Hiroshima-Nagasaki bombings. At present, Vesuvius remains active and is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years. Enjoy a stunning view of this sleeping dragon from the ruins of Pompeii or visit the Mount Vesuvius National Park.
2. Castel Nuovo
Right in the heart of central Naples is the scenic and imposing castle that was erected in 1279. The medieval site is considered one of the main landmarks of the city. When Charles I of Naples became King he ordered a new castle to be built not far from the sea to house his court. Three years later, Castel Nuovo housed royalty up until the War of the Sicilian Vespers. Castel Nuovo soon became a witness to famous historical events so it's definitely a site not to be missed by history buffs.
3. Catacombs of San Gennaro
The series of underground paleo-Christian burial sites located in the northern part of the city can easily be identified by the church of Madre del Buon Consiglio. What was once separate cemeteries, dedicated to Saint Gaudiosus, Saint Severus, and St. Januarius is now interconnected by spacious passageways along two levels. The lower level dates back to the 3rd-4th century and may actually be an earlier pre-Christian cemetery.
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